The Serrano ham is a part of the history and identity of Spain. It is one of the essential elements of the Spanish gastronomy and the most consumed raw ham of Spanish families at home. We tell you what you need to know before buying Serrano ham.
What is Serrano ham?
Serrano ham is a food that is recovered by salting and air drying of the back-legs of the white pork in a natural way. The name of the Serrano ham comes from the place where the maturation process takes place in the Sierras, the Spanish mountains where the hams find the perfect temperature and moisture conditions.
Properties of Serrano ham
Serrano ham is a source of proteins, minerals and vitamins that are essential for humans. He has a balanced fat and calorie content and is therefore suitable for every diet. It is also rich in calcium and iron, which helps to prevent osteoporosis and the occurrence of anemia. It contains fatty acids that help to combat bad cholesterol and protect the cardiovascular system.
Which is the best Serrano ham?
The quality of the Serrano ham is highly dependent on its maturation process and is valued higher when the ham matures longer time in natural dry shed:
- Serrano Bodega: Ham, matured between 10 and 12 months.
- Serrano Reserva: Ham, matured between 12 and 15 months.
- Serrano Gran Reserva: Ham, which are matured for more than 15 months.
Serrano ham vs. Parma Prosciutto
The Prosciutto or Italian ham, is a typical Italian product that resembles the Spanish Serrano ham. Both hams come from white pig, but the taste is different, the parma ham is sweet and wetter than the Serrano, the latter has an intensive taste. This is due to the salt used during the curation. In Italy you use a more humid salt and in Spain sea salt.